Prevention of Lower Limb Overuse Injuries in Naval Recruits
2015 - LaTrobe University - Daniel R. Bonanno, George S. Murley, Shannon E. Munteanu, Karl B. Landorf, and Hylton B. Menz
Foot orthoses are frequently used for the prevention of lower limb overuse injuries but evidence for their effectiveness is limited. The primary aim of this study is to determine if prefabricated foot orthoses reduce the incidence of lower limb overu...
Lower Limb Injuries in Soldiers: Feasibility of Reduction Through Implementation of a Novel Orthotic Screening Protocol
Baxter, M., Baycroft, C. & Baxter, G.D. (2011) Military medicine,176, 3:291.
Formthotics reduce injury risk in pre- screened military recruits. In this New Zealand based study 102 military recruits were screened by foot type and functional testing to ascertain those that could benefit from dual density Formthotic intervention...
Formthotics relieve heel pain for elderly patients
Bonnano, B., Daniel, R., Landorf, K., Hylton, M. (2011). Pressure-relieving properties of various shoe inserts in older people with plantar heel pain. Gait & Posture; 3169
Formthotics significantly reduce heel peak plantar pressure without increasing forefoot pressure in older adults. Plantar heel pain is a common pathology of older adults and one with that has a range of treatment modalities. This study showed an atte...
Perceived support is increased with contoured foot orthoses in cycling shoes
Bousie, JA., et.al. (2012). Contoured in-shoe foot orthoses increase midfoot plantar contact area when compared with a flat insert during cycling. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport.
A 12 participant randomised control trial undertaken to look at the influence of contoured foot orthoses on surface contact, pressure and perceived comfort when compared with a flat insole during seated stationary cycling. Although the authors qualif...
Formthotics optimise plantar pressure distribution
Chia, J., Suresh, S., Kuah, A., Ong, J., Phua, J & Seah, AL (2009). Comparative trial of the foot pressure patterns between corrective orthotics, Formthotics, bone spur pads and flat Insoles in patients with chronic Plantar Fasciitis. Ann Acad Med Singapore; 38:869-75.
Formthotics are useful in distributing pressure uniformly over the rearfoot region. In this study, Formthotics, customised orthotics and bone spur heel pads were compared for their effects on the pressure under the foot. Both Formthotics and customis...
Foot Orthotics reduce the Navicular Drop- a novel method allowing for in-shoe measurement
Christensen B.H., & Pendersen KS, et.al. Aalbourg University, Denmark
Formthotics reduce navicular drop in subjects whilst walking. Formthotics are shown to reduce navicular drop by 19% of the average navicular drop without Formthotics, when measured with a dynamic ‘in shoe’ measurement tool designed by this group. As ...
The Unilateral Forefoot balance test
Clark, M.S (2007). The Unilateral Forefoot Balance Test: Reliability and validity for measuring balance in late midlife women. NZ Journal of Physiotherapy; Vol 35(3), p110-118
Overuse injuries of the knee prove to be the greatest risk to road cyclists
Clarsen, B., et.al. (2010). Overuse injuries in Professional Road Cyclists. American Journal of Sports Medicine Vol 38.
The purpose of this 109 participant strong study was to register overuse injuries in professional road cyclists. The results of this study showed that of the injuries registered, 45% were in the lower back and 23% in the anterior knee, with knee inju...
Are prefabricated foot orthoses still effective in reducing plantar pressures after 12 months of wear?
Cronkwright, D.G, Spink, M.J, Landorf, K.B, & Menz, H.B.
Formthotics continue to reduce plantar pressure after or more 12 months of wear In this study of older adults who had been wearing Formthotics dual density red for at least 12 months, in shoe pressure data was collected both with the old Formthotics ...
Biomechanical forefoot varus has an effect on cycling power output
Dinsdale, NL., Williams, AG. Can Forefoot Varus Wedges Enhance Anaerobic Cycling Performance in untrained Males with Forefoot Varus? Institute for Performance Research – original scientific paper.
A degree of caution should be taken when interpreting the results of this small study which is none the less interesting food for thought and may leave the reader with more questions than answers; e.g. the definition of forefoot varus vs. forefoot su...